Updating contact indexes
The art of illustration or representation by means of pictures, figures, or images, developed to a high degree in the artistic tradition of the Eastern Orthodox faith.
Also refers to the study of the pictorial representation of objects or people, in portraits, paintings, photographs, sculpture, coins, etc., and to the result of such study, especially when it takes the form of detailed lists of representations.
Click here and here and here to see other examples. An artist who specializes in gilding and painting the illustrations and elaborately decorated borders and initial letters in illuminated manuscripts.
During the medieval period, an illuminator was often one of the monks or nuns working in the scriptorium of a monastery or a free-lance artist associated with the book trade.
In Eastern Orthodox religious imagery, a picture of Jesus, Mary, or an apostle or saint.
Click here to see a Byzantine icon of the Crucifixion, carved in ivory in the form of a plaque used as an inset in a treasure binding (Metropolitan Museum of Art) and also this painted example.
Because illuminators rarely signed their work, most are known by their most notable work, or by the city or town in which they worked, not by name.
The most prosperous illuminators maintained ateliers in which several artists worked under the master's guidance, usually in his style, as in this example of a Book of Hours from the workshop of the Boucicaut Master (Getty Museum, MS 22).
Most ID photos of people are head shots taken from the front with eyes open (see this example) but profiles may also be taken.
From the Greek word meaning "little picture"--a short poem describing the simplicity and innocence of rural, pastoral, or domestic life. An artist who decorates books by hand is an illuminator.
The origin of this literary form can be traced to Theocritus, who described pastoral life in Sicily for readers in Alexandria during the 3rd century B. , meaning "to give light." A manuscript or incunabulum richly decorated by hand with ornamental polychrome letters, designs, and/or illustrations highlighted in gold or silver.
Illumination flourished during the medieval period when books were hand-copied on parchment and vellum, originally by Christian monks who produced books for liturgical and devotional use and for exchange with other monasteries ().
Illumination was of three main types: small paintings called miniatures (usually illustrative) occupying all or part of a page; decorated initial letters, often containing figures or scenes related or unrelated to the text; and ornamental borders around text and/or images on one or more sides, usually incorporating a variety of motifs.